The A to Z guide of Turkey

Our alphabetical A to Z guide of Turkey showcases Turkey’s diversity, breathtaking beauty, and fascinating history.

A. Ayasofya


Where religions meet and symbolize harmony and peace, Ayasofya (Hagia Sophia) is one of Istanbul's most impressive buildings. Formerly a church, it was converted into a mosque for over 480 years and now serves as a museum. Its stunning architecture reflects a blend of Byzantine and Ottoman influences, showcasing intricate mosaics and grand domes that have left visitors awe-inspired for generations.

B. Bosphorus Strait

Bosphorus Strait

The Bosphorus strait, a natural waterway, connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, separating the European and Asian parts of Istanbul. A sunset cruise offers not only breathtaking views but also a chance to witness the rich history and culture that has developed along its shores. You can catch glimpses of iconic landmarks such as the Blue Mosque and the Topkapi Palace, adding a touch of magic to your visit.

C. Çay


Turkish Tea, or Çay, is a ritual deeply embedded in Turkish culture. Served without milk in small tulip-shaped glasses on saucers, Çay is more than just a beverage – it's a symbol of hospitality and connection. Whether sipped at a local tea house or offered by a host, this tradition allows you to experience the warmth and camaraderie that defines Turkish society.

D. Döner


A cornerstone of Turkish cuisine, Döner is a savory delight enjoyed by locals and international travelers alike. Prepared by stacking layers of meat on a vertical spit, it's roasted to perfection and then thinly sliced. These flavorful shavings are often served in pita bread with a variety of accompaniments, offering a taste of Turkey's culinary mastery.

E. Ephesus


A journey through time awaits in the ancient city of Ephesus. Dating back to the 10th century BC, this historical site was once a bustling port and is now an archaeological wonder. Stroll through the well-preserved streets, marvel at the grand Library of Celsus, and stand in awe before the Temple of Artemis, a monument that has captured imaginations for centuries.

F. Fethiye


Nestled along Turkey's turquoise coastline, Fethiye is a captivating town that offers a blend of natural beauty and vibrant urban life. From its bustling markets where you can haggle for local crafts to its lively nightlife scene that echoes with music and laughter, Fethiye is a place where modernity meets tradition and creates an unforgettable atmosphere.

G. Gallipoli


The Gallipoli peninsula holds historical significance as a site of the ANZAC campaign during World War I. Visiting this area allows you to pay respects to the fallen soldiers from Australia and New Zealand and gain a deeper understanding of the sacrifices made during this pivotal period in history. The preserved cemeteries and battlefields stand as a testament to the enduring spirit of those who fought.

H. Hamman


Immerse yourself in Turkish culture with a visit to a traditional Hamman. This cleansing ritual involves a sequence of sauna, steam, full-body scrub, and massage. The experience not only leaves you with silky-smooth skin but also provides a glimpse into the age-old practices that have been an integral part of Turkish life for centuries.

I. Istanbul


Spanning the continents of Europe and Asia, Istanbul is a city of contrasts that marries ancient history with modern vibrancy. From the majestic domes of the Blue Mosque to the vibrant energy of the Grand Bazaar, every corner of Istanbul tells a story. Walk through its streets, sample its diverse cuisine, and witness the harmonious coexistence of tradition and innovation.

J. Jeton (Token)


Navigating a bustling metropolis like Istanbul becomes easier with the use of public transportation. Jetons, or tokens, offer a convenient way to access ferries, buses, and the metro. This efficient system not only ensures seamless travel but also provides a glimpse into the daily routines of the city's residents.

K. Kapadokya (Cappadocia)


Enter a dreamscape in Cappadocia, where surreal rock formations and underground cities beckon explorers. The region's unique topography is punctuated by hot air balloons that fill the sky during dawn, offering a once-in-a-lifetime vista. Wander through the fairy chimneys, discover hidden churches carved into rock, and experience a sense of wonder that only Cappadocia can evoke.

L. Lâle (Tulip)


Tulips, Turkey's national flower, hold cultural significance that dates back centuries. Beyond their aesthetic appeal, these vibrant blooms are intricately woven into Turkish art and design. You'll find them embroidered into clothing, adorning ceramics, and gracing tapestries, a testament to their enduring beauty and influence.

M. Merhaba


"Merhaba," a simple word, embodies the warmth of Turkish hospitality. Uttering this greeting opens doors to connections, conversations, and shared experiences that define the essence of travel. It's an invitation to engage with locals and immerse yourself in the rich tapestry of Turkish life.

N. Nazar Boncugu (Blue Evil Eye)

Nazar Boncugu

The Nazar Boncugu, a distinctive blue amulet resembling an eye, is believed to ward off negative energy and protect against the evil eye. This symbol is a cultural touchstone that reflects the Turks' belief in safeguarding themselves and their loved ones from harm, making it a meaningful souvenir and talisman.

O. Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

The legacy of the Ottoman Empire looms large over Turkey's history. Spanning centuries, this once-mighty empire left an indelible mark on the culture, architecture, and identity of the nation. From the opulent Topkapi Palace to the sprawling markets, traces of the Ottoman era continue to shape Turkey's present.

P. Pamukkale


Translated as "cotton castle," Pamukkale is a natural wonder that captivates with its white terraces formed by mineral-rich thermal waters. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is a testament to the Earth's geological artistry, inviting visitors to soak in its rejuvenating pools and appreciate the beauty created by the passage of time.

Q. Turkish Quote

The words of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk echo through history, honoring the sacrifices made by soldiers during the Galipoli campaign. This poignant quote encapsulates Turkey's acknowledgment of the past and its commitment to unity and remembrance.

R. Raki


Raki, known as Turkey's "lion's milk," is more than a drink; it's a cultural experience. This anise-flavored spirit has a ritualistic preparation involving the addition of water, which transforms its color from transparent to milky white. As you savor its distinct taste, you'll discover that Raki has a unique ability to bring people together in celebration.

S. Simit


Simit, with its golden, sesame-studded exterior, is a beloved snack that embodies the flavors of Turkey. As you bite into its crispy crust and soft interior, you'll discover the harmonious balance of flavors that Turkish cuisine is celebrated for. Served with feta, cucumber, olives, and tomato, it's a sensory journey that connects you with the local palate.

T. Troy


Troy, famous for its role in Homer's epic "The Iliad," is a historical treasure trove waiting to be explored. From the iconic Wooden Horse to the archaeological remnants of ancient life, Troy offers a glimpse into the stories that have captured human imagination for centuries.

U. Urfa Kebap

Urfa Kebap

Named after the city of Urfa, this kebab is a culinary delight that tantalizes the taste buds. Ground beef and lamb are skillfully combined with onion, garlic, and spices, forming a flavorful mix that's skewered and grilled to perfection. Served with grilled vegetables, onions, tomatoes, and rice, it's a symphony of flavors that pays homage to Turkey's rich gastronomic heritage.

V. Valleys


Cappadocia's valleys are like chapters of a surreal fairy tale, each one revealing nature's artistic prowess. Ihlara Valley's dramatic cliffs, Pigeon Valley's unique rock formations, and Love Valley's whimsical shapes collectively create a landscape that feels straight out of a dream.

W. Weaving


Turkey's artistry extends to its carpets, which are more than floor coverings; they're intricate works of culture and heritage. The labor-intensive process involves double knotting, resulting in carpets that are not only stunning but also durable enough to withstand generations of use. Owning a Turkish carpet is like possessing a piece of history, a testament to the country's craftsmanship and creativity.

X. Extreme Sports

Extreme Sports

Adrenaline junkies find their paradise in Turkey, where extreme sports offer a thrilling way to experience the country's natural wonders. From paragliding over stunning landscapes to navigating white-water rapids and taking to the skies in a hot air balloon, these experiences allow you to embrace the wild side of Turkey.

Y. Yerebatan (Basilica Cistern)


Hidden beneath Istanbul's bustling streets lies the Yerebatan, a vast underground water reservoir that transcends time. Its dimly lit chambers, supported by ancient marble columns adorned with Medusa heads, evoke an eerie beauty that transports you to a realm where history and mystery intertwine.

Z. Zelve


Step into history at the Zelve Open-Air Museum, a former cave town that housed a thriving community. Roam through honeycombed dwellings and religious chambers, where the echoes of a bygone era still resonate. As you explore this living testament to Turkey's past, you'll be transported back in time, uncovering the stories etched into every corner.

After exploring our comprehensive A to Z guide, the allure of Turkey as your next holiday destination becomes undeniable!

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